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An important feature of the movement for a sober lifestyle at the end of XIX the beginning of XX centuries. is the active inclusion in the state movement andmunicipal employees, executive structures of local self-government. At the heart of the idea of creating trusteeship “On national sobriety” was combiningthe competence of public servants and employees tsiativoy in the struggle for a sober way of life. This main idea became the main problem of the incapacityof trusteeship. She did not allow government officials to fulfill their direct duties and at the same time carry out actions aimed at maintaining a sober image. living among the population.
As part of the sober movement of the second half of the XIX beginning XX centuries. a large role in the diversion of the population from drinking played societies sobriety and guardianship “On national sobriety.” The main directions of their activities were individual, scientific and methodological, organizational and mass work, training of teachers, regulatory support. If individual educational work with a specific non-active person was carried out everywhere, then medical assistance, employment assistance, legal advice, material and household assistance could be provided by large and smaller societies. sobriety.
Scientific and methodical work in sobriety societies was conducted along the lines of development of religious, moral, scientific and organizational foundations combating drunkenness in the people’s everyday life, studying the problems of children’s and school alcoholism, preparing religious, moral, scientific and fiction anti-alcohol literature, magazines, newspapers and leaflets dedicated to this issue. The main forms of anti-alcohol propaganda were preaching, lectures, readings and conversations that revealed the harm of drunkenness and the benefit of a sober, pious way of life, church and secular singing.
Libraries and specialized bookstores equipped with anti-alcohol literature were widely used for these events; Sunday schools for members of the societies of sobriety and their children, as well as children’s gardens for the youngest members of the sober families, pilgrimages, religious processions and walks with educational purposes. Much attention organization of healthy and moral leisure of sober-drinkers, the creation of anti alcohol museums and exhibitions, the opening of sober tea and canteens, free dispensaries, as well as hospitals for patients with alcoholism. As a result of a public initiative, the infrastructure of the city and village has changed.